They did not say when they would resume production.
Toyota Motor Corp., Nissan Motor Co. and Honda Motor Co. reported damage to more than a dozen plants and facilities, mostly in and around the hardest-hit Tohoku region more than 200 miles north of Tokyo.
Japan's industrial heartland in the central part of Honshu island wasn't hit as hard, however, by the quake and wasn't struck by the tsunami that caused most of the devastation in the northeastern region and in parts of Hokkaido island, farther to the north.
Toyota's big plants southwest of Tokyo were able to resume operations Friday, but the automaker is halting its domestic output for Monday as the country grapples with what Prime Minister Naoto Kan called the biggest crisis since World War II.
"Toyota has decided to suspend production at all Toyota Motor Corp. plants, as well as all subsidiary vehicle-manufacturing plants on Monday," the automaker said.
On Friday, it reported damage at four subsidiary, or part-owned, plants in areas hit by the quake and subsequent tidal surge. The employees had been evacuated.
"We are now conducting a detailed survey of each plant to determine the extent of any damage," Toyota said in a statement. "We are also assessing the situation at our suppliers, dealers and the impact on North American import vehicles."
Two of the four affected subsidiary plants produce Scion xB and xD models, as well as small Toyota Yaris cars.
Nissan, Japan's second-largest carmaker, also suspended production as it reviewed its operations.
"Our first priority on Friday was, are our people OK?" said Nissan communications and marketing director Simon Sproule. "What's uncertain now is the extent of the damage to suppliers, particularly small suppliers in remote areas. That's what we're looking at now."
As to when production will resume, Nissan said in a statement: "No decision has been made as we are continuing to assess the damage to our facilities and equipment, as well as discussing parts delivery with our suppliers."
At least six of its plants suffered some damage to buildings and equipment, as did some of its facilities on the Pacific coast.
Nissan said 1,300 U.S.-bound vehicles were damaged at the port of Hitachi, north of Tokyo, and another 1,000 at the Miyagi Service Center suffered damage when the tsunami swept ashore.
Honda said its two main assembly plants will be closed Monday as well as several components factories. The Sayama plant, which turns out CR-V, Accord, U.S. Fit, Acura RL and TSX models, also was closed Friday. Honda's Suzuka plant, which produces the Civic, Civic Hybrid, Insight and hybrid CR-Z, was operating on Friday but will be closed Monday.
"It is too early to fully assess the implications of this week's very tragic events in Japan," Itay Michaeli, auto analyst at Citi Investment Research & Analysis, wrote in a report issued Sunday.
He said that out of the total annual Japanese vehicle exports of 4.8 million, more than 1.6 million are shipped to the United States.
"Key questions now include the extent of production shutdowns and related supply chain issues — conditions at ports, available air freight for outgoing components," he said. "For now, Japanese automakers have roughly a 60-day U.S. supply of vehicles." Detroit News