|Valtteri Bottas gets his 6th career F1 win|
A brilliant start from Valtteri Bottas from third on the grid was the key to the Finn taking victory at the Japanese Grand Prix – his first win since Azerbaijan in April – as Mercedes were crowned constructors’ champions for a record-matching sixth time, Bottas finishing ahead of Sebastian Vettel and Mercedes team mate Lewis Hamilton.
Bottas jumped polesitter Vettel off the start to lead the German into Turn 1 at Suzuka, before going on to control the race at the front, managing a two-stop strategy to perfection to bring home the sixth victory of his career.
Behind, a titanic battle between Hamilton and Vettel for second place in the final laps of the race saw Vettel eventually hold off his rival, crossing the line just 0.4 seconds ahead.
Vettel made by far the quickest start of any driver on the grid. Unfortunately for him, he made it while the lights were still on – and as he stuttered forward, stopped and then launched proper when the lights did finally go out, his loss of momentum allowed Valtteri Bottas to sweep past both him and Leclerc to take the lead into Turn 1.
[adinserter name="GOOGLE AD"]Verstappen made a fine start too, and slipped ahead of Leclerc into Turn 2. But the Monegasque couldn’t slow his car down enough, tagging the Red Bull as it went around the outside of him and sending it sliding onto the grass, as Leclerc suffered front wing endplate damage. The stewards took note of the incident, deciding to take a closer look after the race, while Verstappen would ultimately pull out of the race on Lap 15, as Red Bull judged his car to be too badly damaged. And just like that, Honda’s best hope of taking a Suzuka victory was gone.
Leclerc was behind the sole remaining Red Bull of Alex Albon in P4, while a brilliant race from Carlos Sainz saw the McLaren driver finish fifth.
Daniel Ricciardo may have been despondent this morning after qualifying a lowly P16. But the canny Australian had converted that to seventh by the race end, as the Renault driver finished ahead of Toro Rosso’s Pierre Gasly, the Racing Point of Sergio Perez – who ended his race in the barriers but was still classified P9 – and the second Renault of Nico Hulkenberg.
In the meanwhile, while you were checking indiana-bet.com, Mercedes secured their sixth straight constructors’ championship – matching Ferrari’s record from 1999-2004 – it also became a mathematical certainty that one of either Bottas or Hamilton will be crowned drivers’ champions this season, ensuring the teams’ sixth straight double championship, a new record."
Mercedes AMG Petronas Motorsport
|Bottas wins handily in Japan|
Valtteri Bottas (1st): "Six double championships – every single team member at the race track and in the factories can be incredibly proud of this achievement! A big thank you to all of you. I think we don't quite realize yet what an amazing achievement this is, but we're making history in this sport. We've had a really good season so far and managed to make the most of our opportunities, especially in the beginning of the season. It's amazing to think that we've just done something that's never been done before – what a great day for all of us! I had an excellent start today, one of the best ones in my career, and managed to take the lead in the very beginning. We expected our car to be quick in the race, but it's really tricky to overtake on this track, so we knew that we'd have to try and take the lead at the start and I'm very glad it all worked out. I really enjoyed the race afterwards; the car felt really good and our upgrades worked well. Suzuka has always been my favorite track even though I've never been particularly strong here – but now I like this track even more. It's been a while since my last victory, I missed that winning feeling and I'm very happy and proud to have won the race that secured us the Constructors' Championship."
Lewis Hamilton (3rd): "I'm so happy for the team – what a great result! Six consecutive double titles is an amazing achievement that has taken a long time and a lot of hard work. It just shows the strength and depth through and through for the team and I'm incredibly proud to be a part of Mercedes history. It's a well-deserved achievement – thank you to everyone in Brackley, Brixworth and Stuttgart for all the hard work and dedication. Valtteri did a great job today and deserved the win, congratulations to him. I did everything I could today; I think we probably had the chance at a 1-2 today, so we'll take a look at what we could have done better in the debrief. I think we can expect the next races to be very challenging; Ferrari still have a straight-line speed advantage which makes it very hard to qualify ahead of them, so we have to outrace them, but I think that makes it really exciting for the spectators. We will celebrate this monumental achievement today; but tomorrow we'll start pushing again – we still have races to win."
Toto Wolff, Team Principal: "When we embarked on the journey six or seven years ago we wanted to win races more regularly and then fight for a Championship – and now, six years later, we win our sixth Championship in a row. We never thought this would be possible and I'm incredibly happy for everybody who has been a part of this journey. It's not always been easy, the entire team put in a lot of hard work and we had our fair share of painful moments, but we were always able to pick ourselves up. Everyone in Brackley and Brixworth worked incredibly hard for this achievement and I can't thank them enough. We also could not have done this without the continued support from Daimler and PETRONAS who have always been by our side. This sixth Championship is a very special one – and we dedicate it to Niki. He has been such an important part from the beginning, and we all miss him dearly. I think about him every day and still find it hard to believe that he's not here anymore; I keep thinking to myself "What would Niki say, what would he think?". Today, he probably would have said "Congratulations for the sixth one, but you have a challenge on your hands for next year". It was his way of making sure that we're never complacent. Today has been an emotional rollercoaster; we were disappointed in the morning because we weren't quick enough in qualifying. And now we've won the race and also both Championships – which is still hard to fully grasp."
Andrew Shovlin: "A big well done to the whole team, everyone in Brackley and Brixworth, on winning a sixth double-championship in a row. It is an amazing achievement and it will take a while to sink in. It's been really quite an amazing day with both qualifying and the race in one day. We were a bit disappointed after qualifying; before the session, we thought that we could challenge for pole, but ultimately the gap was too big and there was no way the drivers were going to make that up. We saw on Friday we had good tire degradation and our efforts focused straight away on trying to make the most of the race. Our car was very strong and both drivers were really happy with it, but we also got a bit of help at the start. Our race pace was very encouraging today, but we need to look at how we can improve from our qualifying pace because it's not good enough at the moment. It's a shame that we couldn't get Lewis in front of Vettel at the end of the race; we'll take a look at it to see what we could have done differently. There are lots of things that we'll take from this race to try to improve."
Markus Schafer, Daimler AG Board Member : "To win six consecutive constructors' championships is something that has only been achieved once in F1 history – and it puts our team in the strongest possible position to take a sixth consecutive double, which would set a new benchmark in the sport. For everybody at Daimler, this achievement is not just a source of great pride, it is also a demonstration of our company's capability to succeed when tackling the biggest challenges. To win in Formula One requires the right blend of cutting-edge technology and exceptional team spirit to achieve demanding goals; the lessons we learn from this success are important ingredients in our ability to achieve the same in our wider business."
|Ferrari's race was lost at the start|
Sebastian Vettel (2nd): "We had a very good morning, but the afternoon was less good in terms of the result we were able to achieve as a team. The start wasn't good for either me or Charles and without that, we could have had both cars fighting at the front. It was difficult today and to be fair. Our rivals were simply quicker, Valtteri was just flying. I had a poor start, I was a bit early with the clutch initially then clutched in again and lost a bit of momentum. Usually our starts are very good but not this time. After that we were missing out a little bit in terms of speed in the race compared to our rivals. We went through the tires more than Valtteri and Lewis. Especially at the end of the stints they were dropping off a bit more, whereas our rivals kept the pace throughout. Towards the end my only target was to stay ahead of Lewis I knew that down the straights he struggled to overtake, so I just tried to have clean exits in the places where it mattered."
Charles Leclerc (6th): "It was a tough race. I made a mistake at the start and made contact with Max (Verstappen) in turn 1, which unfortunately compromised both our races and my front wing was damaged. I tried to make the best of it going forward. After the first stop, when my front wing was changed, I gave it my all. I tried to make up as many positions as possible. Although it was quite fun to overtake other cars and fight my way up the field, P6 is not our target or a result we are satisfied with. It was a different weekend overall, and I look forward to the opportunity of bringing home better results once again at the upcoming races."
Mattia Binotto, Team Principal: "Congratulations from all of us to our rivals and friends for nailing another well-deserved Constructors' Championship today. Over the course of the season, they simply did the best job and that's exactly what you need in this business. For our part, I'd like to highlight a positive aspect, namely the performance of our car, which was good enough to secure the front row in qualifying this morning – an exceptional result here at Suzuka. As for the race itself, we are disappointed that we did not reap the rewards of what we had sown. A shame. The start compromised the rest of the race, although it has to be said that our rival's pace was very strong and we suffered more than them with tire degradation. We made mistakes and now we just have to look to ourselves to improve."
Aston Martin Red Bull Racing
Alexander Albon (4th): "Fourth is my F1 career best finish and this weekend has definitely felt like my best with the Team. Immediately from FP1 I felt comfortable with the car and the balance, which is important for a track like Suzuka where you need a lot of confidence, especially on your first visit! I wanted more in the race and felt like I could have done better at the start but I had too much wheel spin off the line and lost a couple of places to the McLarens. I managed to get back past them but by then I had already lost a lot of time to the lead pack. The move on Lando for P5 was on, he gave me space and left the door open but it was a bit tight! We then managed to get past Carlos with some good strategy by undercutting him, but from then onwards we were in no man's land in P4. It was just about managing the tires to the end but with Max's DNF it was good to score some points for the Team and fourth was the best we could do. I'm still finding my feet but overall I'm happy with my pace and progress and we took a step forward this weekend. Coming into the weekend we probably wanted more, especially for Honda, and we were close but we just didn't quite have the pace. Now we'll do our homework and hopefully come back stronger in Mexico."
Max Verstappen (DNF, Damage): "I had a really good start and I think I was up to third place which was positive. I stayed on the outside at Turn 2 but Charles drove into the side of my car. I guess Charles was trying to recover places after the start but it's a long race so there was no need to risk so much so early. We both lost out but he managed to carry on once he replaced his front wing. I re-joined at the back of the field but my car was severely damaged and we had to retire on Lap 15. From my side I don't think I could have done anything different, so now it will be investigated by the stewards. It's very frustrating as I think we had a good chance of being on the podium again especially after such a good start, which would have been amazing for all the Honda fans supporting us. We are definitely improving and the gap is closing but there is still more work to do before Mexico."
Christian Horner, Sporting Director: "After a great start Max was unfortunately involved in contact at Turn 2 with Leclerc which resulted in him retiring from the race. It looked like Max gave Charles plenty of room but we will let the stewards deal with that. Alex had a less than perfect getaway, dropping behind the McLarens but he fought back well, making the two stop strategy work. He passed Norris in a firm but fair move on lap four and closed quickly on Sainz. The remainder of the race was quite lonely but Alex drove faultlessly to bring the car home in P4, his best Formula One result to date. Leaving Suzuka with a fourth place and a DNF is slightly disappointing at Honda's home race after such a fantastic turnout from a very enthusiastic crowd. Our congratulations go to Mercedes on winning their sixth Constructors' Championship here today."
Renault Sport Formula One Team
Daniel Ricciardo (7th): "The team deserved this result today. We've been on a bit of a frustrating run recently without scoring, so to take seventh today is excellent. We had an issue in qualifying with the rear of the car that the boys fixed, which explained why we were quite far down. We had good pace in the race and were coming through quite nicely. Starting on the Medium tire worked to our advantage and we came through the pack with some enjoyable battles. It was nice to execute a good strategy, we pulled through and, in the end, it was a deserved and quite comfortable seventh place."
Nico Hulkenberg (10th): "I'm very happy for the team today, with both Daniel and I inside the points. We fought all the way, pushed really hard and everything seemed to come together. It was an amazing recovery from this morning where our qualifying wasn't so good. Personally, I made a great start off the line, passed a few cars at turn one and then pushed on with good track position. From there, it was a fight. The whole second stint we were in traffic and by the end, it was getting hot and tasty out there with everyone's tires going off. It was really good fun and I'm pleased with today."
Cyril Abiteboul, Managing Director: "It has certainly been a bizarre weekend, with no running on Saturday, requiring everything to be perfect from the get-go on Sunday morning. Unfortunately, we experienced the opposite, with both cars having different issues in qualifying. Despite our low starting positions, we did not surrender and kept focused. The crew did an amazing job in the limited time before the race to turn around the cars. Both drivers had clean starts for the first time in a while and after the opening laps it was non-stop action, with an amazing number of stylish overtaking maneuvers from Daniel and Nico. Nico also accepted to play the team game, which played out nicely for the team, so big thanks to him. We're leaving Suzuka with both cars in the points, a nice reward for the various issues we've had over the last races despite a car that had the capacity to score at every race."
Haas F1 Team
Romain Grosjean (15th): "Well, it wasn't as good as we wanted. The start was terrible, I don't know why. I was behind Kevin (Magnussen) by turn one, so that shows how bad it was. From there it was very difficult to recover. We tried to push hard, we fitted the hard tire to do a one-stop race. Honestly, I had two really good overtakes on Russell and Giovinazzi around the outside of turn one and two – both times. That was the highlight of my race. After that it was just managing tires. We just didn't have the pace in the race, which was a bit of a shame. We'll keep working and see if the next race will be good for us."
Kevin Magnussen (17th): "I started last and got up to P12, which I was fairly happy about, but after that it went south. It wasn't terrible in terms of tires and pace, not like previous races at least. If we'd hooked everything up, and if I'd started where I should have, and made as good a start as I did, then I'd obviously have been in a much better position. We just didn't have the pace today."
Guenther Steiner, Team Principal: "This morning qualifying for Romain wasn't so bad, he got into Q3 which was a little bit the highlight of the day. Kevin crashed on his fast lap, he was doing a very fast lap – the car can do one good lap performance-wise. As soon as we go racing though, we fall out of the tire window and we end up like we did today. It is pretty frustrating but not unexpected, it's not like we were surprised. Still it's never nice that it happens. We just need to try to do our best for the rest of the season to get a little bit out of the car, and mainly learn not to do the same mistakes for next year."
McLaren F1 Team
Carlos Sainz (5th): "A very good day in general. Qualifying was extremely strong after leading the midfield on Friday. We secured P7 and P8 clearly ahead of our main competitors. Later, in the race, I had a good start on the inside line and fought again wheel-to-wheel with Hamilton. From there I controlled my pace and went for a long first stint. The second stint was especially strong, with very good pace and keeping Leclerc behind to secure another P5. I'm very happy with both results today, quali and the race, and the only downside is that Lando couldn't finish in the points due to an unlucky situation. The team clearly deserved another double-points finish here in Japan. Congratulations!"
Lando Norris (13th): "A frustrating day. I made a really good start and managed to get to the outside of a few drivers at Turn One. Then there was contact ahead of me, debris and guys spinning. I had to slow down, unfortunately, and gave up a position or two but was still P6 I think. In the chaos, I collected some debris in the brakes, which meant I had to box really early on and then the rest was pretty straightforward. I did what I could but I always struggled towards the end with the tires and just couldn't make enough progress to come back through. Some positives, some negatives – but good points for the team from Carlos."
Andreas Seidl, Team Principal: "Great execution today from the entire team, and 10 more points in the bag, extending our lead over the teams with whom we are fighting in the Constructors' Championship. It was a sensational drive from Carlos to P5 – but we have mixed feelings because we might've had Lando up there as well. We obviously strongly disagree with competitors leaving cars on track with entire front wing endplates hanging off and putting everyone else at risk. After Leclerc's endplate finally exploded, Lando unfortunately caught some of the debris in his right front brake duct. This meant he had to box early, and his race was pretty much done. Even then, he gave it everything and put in a great performance. Overall, it's the positives we take away from Suzuka. The team here at the track, together with the support from home, put in a lot of hard work to get the best out of an unusual weekend – and a very long Sunday! The car was strong here and we're really looking forward to the final four races. Finally, congratulations to Mercedes for securing their sixth Constructors' World Championship in a row."
Racing Point F1 Team
Sergio Perez (9th): "Our pace in the race was better than qualifying and I was more confident with the car. I made a good start and the team did a fantastic job with the strategy. We pitted a second time for Soft tires late in the race and I managed to get back into the points. There was confusion at the end because the checkered flag came out a lap early, so when I was taken out by Gasly the race had already finished. With the fresh tires I was much faster than him. I was ahead of him and left enough room so there was no need for the contact. It's disappointing to finish the race like that – with a damaged car – but at least we got some points for the team."
Lance Stroll (11th): "We had a good first stint running solidly in the top ten, but the main issue today was struggling with the tires in the final laps. I spent most of the race just behind Gasly, which wasn't good for my front tires, but it was really during the last ten laps that we lacked the grip to hold on to eighth place. We had committed to the one-stop, but maybe the two-stop strategy was the way to go because it gives you a big advantage at the end of the race. We saw that with Checo. We had good track position at the beginning of the race so we tried to hang on for the points. It didn't go our way today and we will analyze things to understand where we can improve for the next time."
Otmar Szafnauer, Chief Operating Officer: "It was a tough call to choose between one or two stops today and the results confirm there was very little to choose between the two strategies. Lance ran inside the top ten for pretty much the entire race and deserved to come away with some points. He did a super job of fending off the Renaults for a good number of laps, but they made their tire advantage count in the last few laps. Sergio, who was running behind Lance, was able to roll the dice with no downside, and switch to a two-stop race with about ten laps to go. He made the most of a set of new softs to score a couple of points. Also, credit to the pit crew today for some very quick stops, including a 2.18 seconds stop for Sergio, which was the quickest of the day. Credit also to Mercedes on a sixth consecutive Championship title – a really incredible achievement."
Alfa Romeo Racing
Kimi Raikkonen (14th): "It's a disappointing end to our weekend. We always do all we can to bring home a good result and in the end the car was pretty good on the last set of tires. We were running three, four seconds faster than earlier in the race, but unfortunately by then we had lost a lot of time and our afternoon was compromised. We couldn't find a good balance in the first two stints on medium and hard tires, they just wouldn't work and I had no front end. We have to look at the data to understand what happened and figure out what to fix, so that we can consistently have the performance we had in the final part of the race."
Antonio Giovinazzi (16th): "It was a difficult weekend for us. The conditions weren't ideal with the wind, but in the end it's the same for everyone so we need to focus on our work. Our pace turned out to be better in qualifying than in the race in comparison with our rivals and we have to understand why. The potential of the car is there but we have to keep working to improve ahead of the final races and do the best possible job in the rest of the season."
Frederic Vasseur, Team Principal: "We got into the race hoping to be in the top ten but in the end we weren't able to fight for the points after the opening laps. We showed a much better pace in the closing stages, on the soft tires, so we will have to review what happened and analyze the data to ensure we can deliver the same level of performance throughout the race. In such a tight field, we need to extract the best from our car at all times or the competition will have the upper hand, which is what happened today."
Red Bull Toro Rosso Honda
Pierre Gasly (8th): "I'm very happy with today! It started really well this morning as I made it to Q3 and qualified ninth. We didn't really expect to make it there after such short preparation, since I missed both FP1 and FP3. I spent most of the race running in P7 and P8, it was really intense as Renault and Racing Point were pushing very hard. We had a suspension issue in the middle of the race which made it quite tough, so I just gave it everything I had inside of the car to keep the position. There were some intense battles and I really wanted to make it to the end for the team, Honda, and for the Japanese fans who came out to support us. I'm really pleased to score points for the team, especially in Japan…it feels really special! We can be pleased with the day and we can't wait for the remaining races."
Daniil Kvyat (12th): "This morning everything was OK until the last lap of my Qualifying. I don't know why I was so slow on the last lap, the car felt a bit different to Friday – the conditions were quite different – but we all had to deal with it in the same way. Starting the race from P14 was not ideal and I knew it was going to be tricky. I feel like the race itself was strong, and even if we lost a couple of places at the start, from then on it was a solid recovery. It's a shame not to score points because the pace was really good. We will need to work in order to improve our Qualifying."
Franz Tost, Team Principal: "After yesterday's difficult weather conditions, which forced Qualifying to be postponed to Sunday, we showed quite a good performance this morning; Pierre qualified ninth, while Daniil had some problems on his last run in Q2 and qualified 14th. Both Drivers had a reasonably good start of the race. We called Pierre in on lap 18 and he was able to stay ahead of Stroll when he re-joined the race. Pierre was capable of holding his position, driving a very strong race and defending well, finishing in eighth position. He was able to get the maximum out of the car, especially considering that we detected a problem on his suspension, which made his car more difficult to drive. Pierre had to be very careful – especially on the last laps – not to lose the rear, but he managed it in a professional way, showing very good car control. Daniil stayed out longer as we brought him in on lap 27. He showed a good performance overtaking many cars, but unfortunately, that wasn't enough to score points. However, it's positive that today's race increased the gap to Racing Point by two more points. We now head to Mexico for the last back to back races of the year, where we hope to continue to score points."
Jody Egginton, Technical Director: "With no opportunity to evaluate setup changes in FP3, we headed into Qualifying with the cars' setup based on less data than normal. However, the setup appeared reasonable and Pierre was able to extract nearly everything from the package he had. Dany struggled a bit more and, in a very tight midfield battle, small lap time deltas have a big impact on grid position, so he unfortunately started further back than ideal. The race was a very close and entertaining battle with both Racing Point & Renault and Pierre drove especially well, considering we had an issue with the rear suspension which was affecting the rear ride height and rear tire wear. Dany had a tricky first stint, spending quite some time in a DRS train early on, which cost some race time, but following the pit stop he drove well and was close to being in contention for the final point. With Sunday comprising of Qualifying and the race, it's been a busy time for the mechanics, but they have managed the workload very well and deserve credit for this. We now look forward to Mexico and we will be working hard to consolidate our position in the Constructors' Championship."
Toyoharu Tanabe, Honda F1 Technical Director:"This was a busy day for all the teams, with the unusual schedule during which we managed to get three of our four cars into the top ten in the morning qualifying, which was satisfactory. Gasly drove an excellent race, finishing in the points after just missing out on the top ten last year in Suzuka. Kvyat fought hard and eventually finished two places up on his grid position. It was great to see the grandstand with 12,000 Honda fans and overall, a bigger crowd than in recent years. Everyone in the Honda team appreciated their support. Today's result did not live up to our expectations, so we want to come back stronger next year and give our fans something more to cheer about."
ROKiT Williams Racing
George Russell (18th): "Qualifying was incredibly tricky to be honest, especially through the Esses. It made it unpredictable, and it was pretty sketchy on my lap, but I gave it everything and I think overall, we overachieved so I was pleased with that. It was an incredibly tricky race for us. We had some brake issues throughout which made it quite difficult. It was definitely one of the tougher races of the season. I have mixed feelings, but I can be satisfied, waking up this morning I felt fresh and I did the job."
Robert Kubica (19th): "It was not the qualifying session that I had hoped for in Suzuka. I accelerated to open the lap, put the rear wheel off the track and then the wall came very quickly. Unfortunately, it was a high price for a small off, to end my qualifying session. The guys have done another amazing job (to get the car ready), they are a really great group of people. I really appreciate their work, not only today but throughout the season. This is not an easy sport, especially in these conditions. The race was difficult as you would expect and overall, it was a pretty disappointing Sunday."
Dave Robson, Senior Race Engineer: "The race took place in slightly calmer conditions than qualifying but nonetheless, it was a difficult race, which pushed a large proportion of the field onto a two-stop strategy. We were able to complete a one-stop race with George but elected to complete a second stop with Robert as this offered him better track position and a quicker overall race time. Both drivers did a very good job to bring the cars home whilst managing the fuel and brakes. We will soon travel to Mexico where the altitude and weather will give us a new set of hurdles to overcome. We will continue our investigation of our new front wing and will look to make a further step towards the midfield battle."
|4||23||Alexander Albon||Red Bull Racing Honda||52||+59.537s||12|
|5||55||Carlos Sainz Jr.||McLaren Renault||52||+69.101s||10|
|6||16||Charles Leclerc||Ferrari||51||+1 lap||8|
|7||3||Daniel Ricciardo||Renault||51||+1 lap||6|
|8||10||Pierre Gasly||Scuderia Toro Rosso Honda||51||+1 lap||4|
|9||11||Sergio Perez||Racing Point Bwt Mercedes||51||+1 lap||2|
|10||27||Nico Hulkenberg||Renault||51||+1 lap||1|
|11||18||Lance Stroll||Racing Point Bwt Mercedes||51||+1 lap||0|
|12||26||Daniil Kvyat||Scuderia Toro Rosso Honda||51||+1 lap||0|
|13||4||Lando Norris||McLaren Renault||51||+1 lap||0|
|14||7||Kimi Raikkonen||Alfa Romeo Racing Ferrari||51||+1 lap||0|
|15||8||Romain Grosjean||Haas Ferrari||51||+1 lap||0|
|16||99||Antonio Giovinazzi||Alfa Romeo Racing Ferrari||51||+1 lap||0|
|17||20||Kevin Magnussen||Haas Ferrari||51||+1 lap||0|
|18||63||George Russell||Williams Mercedes||50||DNF||0|
|19||88||Robert Kubica||Williams Mercedes||50||+2 laps||0|
|NC||33||Max Verstappen||Red Bull Racing Honda||14||DNF||0|