Mercedes F1 unveils 2019 W10 car

Mercedes-AMG F1 W10 EQ Power+
Mercedes-AMG F1 W10 EQ Power+

With a little over four weeks to go until the start of the 2019 FIA Formula One season, Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport today completed the first laps with its 2019 challenger. Named the Mercedes-AMG F1 W10 EQ Power+, the 2019 contender ran on the 2.98 km Silverstone International Circuit this morning with Valtteri Bottas behind the wheel, to be followed by Lewis Hamilton this afternoon.

"The 2019 season will be a new challenge for all of us," said Toto Wolff, Team Principal & CEO. "The regulations have changed quite substantially. We have to start from scratch, we need to prove ourselves again – against our own expectations and against our competitors. We start the season with zero points, so we're taking nothing for granted and there's absolutely no feeling of entitlement to be at the front. In fact, with the regulation change for the new season, every team can have a shot at the title and we're seeing all of them as a potential threat."

Today's running constitutes an official 100 km filming day, which the team also uses as a final systems check before the first pre-season test in Barcelona.

"We're eager to hit the ground running in Barcelona, to benchmark ourselves against our own simulations and see if our predictions materialize on track," said Toto. "We will focus on ourselves, building up performance and hopefully be ready when the first really competitive session starts on Saturday in Melbourne."

New aero regulations drive significant changes to the W10

[adinserter name="GOOGLE AD"]Compared to its predecessor, the Mercedes-AMG F1 W10 EQ Power+ has been changed substantially. The majority of those modifications were driven by the significant changes to the Technical Regulations for the 2019 Formula One season.

"Regulation changes are both opportunity and threat," said Technical Director James Allison. "They are an opportunity because all the old assumptions about what you need to have to be quick are swept away and, if you are fleet of foot and smart in dealing with that, you can do better than all the other teams that are tackling the same change. They are a threat because if you are not as smart and you didn't see how to make the most of these new regulations, then you'll certainly suffer in the coming season. But they are always exhilarating because you have that sharp sense of anxiety that you might not be doing enough but equally the thrill and excitement of looking forward to finding out."

In addition to dealing with the changes to the aerodynamic regulations, which were the main focus in the development of the W10, the team worked hard to improve the weaker areas of the previous car and further build on its strengths.

"The handling of the W09 was a big improvement over the rather idiosyncratic W08," said James. "We managed to be competitive at tracks which had plagued us in recent years. However, notwithstanding this improvement, we were still not as good as some of our competitors at preserving the performance of the rear tires. We have worked hard on the suspension and aerodynamic characteristics to deliver a car that will be much kinder to its tires – enough, we hope, to allow us to be competitive at all phases of the race and at each track on the calendar.

"Even though the minimum weight limit was lifted by 10kg for 2019, weight reduction remains a real challenge on the current generation of F1 cars. Components that we felt were stripped to the bone in 2018 have been taken, one by one, and subjected to a further round of aggressive analysis to shave further weight from them. Some components surrender what feels like a giant step of half a kilo, others just a few grams, but collectively each of these victories add up to a handful of kilos that have been invested back in the car on aerodynamics, suspension and Power Unit to bring performance."

Despite significant changes to many areas of the car, the W10 also retains some of the characteristics of its predecessors, as the general architecture and the wheelbase stay the same.

"A close inspection will reveal that the execution of this concept has been further refined," said James. "Every item is pushed tighter, made more slender – each change permitting us to improve the aerodynamic performance beyond what would have been possible had we accepted the physical limitations of the 2018 design."

An all-new Power Unit for the 2019 season – the Mercedes-AMG F1 M10 EQ Power+

While the chassis development was partly driven by regulatory changes, the Power Unit regulations remained largely stable, making the development work more of an evolutionary process in which the team worked hard to achieve two main goals – improving performance and reliability.

"We've made changes to the cooling architecture of the Power Unit, which hopefully provide aerodynamic benefit on the car and also provide efficiency benefit on the Power Unit – so, hopefully a win on both the chassis and on the Power Unit," said Andy Cowell, Managing Director of Mercedes-AMG High Performance Powertrains. "Right at the heart of the Power Unit is the conversion of fuel into heat release in the combustion chamber and useful work out of the crankshaft. We have made steps on the combustion efficiency and on the ERS system. The marriage between the turbocharger assembly with the MGU-H, the inverter, the cells and the MGU-K: that whole system is now capable of operating more efficiently and helping with energy deployment through a race."

The team's title partner PETRONAS played an important role in the hunt for improved performance and reliability, especially in the development of the new Power Unit.

"The fuel is right at the heart of the combustion and making sure that the chemical composition and the thermodynamic architecture of the Power Unit are working together exceptionally well is key to thermal efficiency," said Andy. "PETRONAS have continued to work well with our thermodynamic engineers, we've run many candidates on the single cylinder and on the V6 engine to derive a new fuel for 2019. It's a very tight-knit group, the PETRONAS engineers know exactly how the engine works and our Power Unit engineers know exactly how the fuel works. PETRONAS also provide the lubricants for our car which play two roles: to make sure that components don't contact, it's key that there is an oil film between highly loaded components both for reliability and for friction reduction. If you can keep components apart the friction is lower, and the wear is lower, but the lubricant also provides cooling within the engine. It's a critical element of the engine, it's the lifeblood of the engine for its survival."

The maximum race fuel allowance has increased by 5 kilograms to a total of 110 kilograms. However, the higher fuel allowance does not impact the thermal efficiency of Formula One Power Units, which are among the most efficient engines ever-built.

"If you have got an efficient engine with efficient aerodynamics and you are prepared to do a little bit of lift and coasting, then you have the opportunity to start the race at less than 110kg," explained Andy. "For every 5kg of weight you save, it's about two tenths of a second a lap quicker, so there is a natural reward to starting the race a little bit lighter. There is still a competitive edge from making an efficient car – both Power Unit and aerodynamics – and racing smartly to make sure that you have good pace at the start of the race as well as through the race."

The result of more than a year's work

Work on the all-new Formula One car started 16 months ago, when the team was still fighting for its fourth championship title. The development work was spearheaded by a small group of engineers, working on the general concept of the car. Over the course of the 2018 season and in the midst of an exciting and challenging championship fight, more and more engineers in both Brixworth and Brackley started working on the W10.

"Work on the W10 project began at the end of 2017," said James Allison, Technical Director. "That's when the first meetings happened about how the chassis was going to be laid out, how the Power Unit was going to change from the previous season and what our rough objectives were for the project. That was when we set out the plans for our deployment of resources, developing and racing the car in 2018 and the right number of the right people to design, conceive and then create the new car for 2019."

On the chassis side, more than half of the engineers in the design office were working on the W10 by the 2018 F1 summer break. In October, when the F1 circus headed to the Americas and both the team and Lewis claimed their fifth World Championship titles, the factory was working flat out on the W10, designing and producing parts of the future contender. Overall, about 7000 drawings were released for manufacture.

Over the winter, many of the major components and sub systems like the transmission, the suspension, the cooling system and the Power Unit underwent rigorous testing, in which they were subjected to loads, temperatures and fatigue cycles similar to those they would experience in the F1 season. Before the car left the garage for the first time today, the team had tested something close to half a million kilometers cumulatively across all these different components.

"There are hours and hours that go into each piece, each assembly, each system, each full element and then the final Power Unit," said Andy. "It is a huge moment when the Power Unit bursts into life and those countless hours are rewarded with fuel being converted into useful work. Yes, it is a machine, but it is part of people's lives and it's personal."

The initial "Fire-Up" is another one of those special moments as it is the first time when all the core systems – the hydraulic system, the electrical system, the fuel system, the cooling system, the gearbox, the chassis and of course the Power Unit – are assembled and the engine runs for the first time in unison with the other systems.

"You've had a factory which had fallen silent for a few weeks, from the end of the last season to this moment, where an engine leaps into life in the factory again," said James. "Even if you're not down in the build shop, you can hear it, so is has a certain emotional impact on us because a motor is running and it is the living proof that all those components are not only assembled but they function. At the same time, you know that you're only about half way there through the about 90 planned test events."

A strong and trusted driver line-up for 2019

While the 2019 Formula One paddock will see changes to various driver line-ups in almost every team, Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport will stay true to the line-up that won the team the 2017 and 2018 Constructors' Championships – Lewis Hamilton and Valtteri Bottas. After the winter break, both drivers are now eager to go back racing.

"Both Lewis and Valtteri spent the winter taking their minds off Formula One for a while, which is important" said Toto. "Lewis spent some time travelling. When we met after the winter break, he was refreshed; he's extremely hungry and wants to start racing again. Valtteri spent some time with his family in Finland, but he was quickly back into racing cars as he competed in the Arctic Rally. We had a good chat after the break; he was in a good place and has been able to fully reset after a season that was not always easy for him. Valtteri knows he has the full backing of the team to succeed and he's excited to get back in the car and show his critics what he can do. I'm really looking forward to a strong competition between the two of them, racing each other hard and fighting hard against our rivals."

"I had a great Christmas with my family and then I went snowmobiling, I went skiing, I went surfing with Kelly Slater, which was amazing," said Lewis. "I completely switched off from racing for a while, trying to focus and re-center myself and training hard for the new season. 2018 was a great year, but I feel like 2019 can be even better. I want to achieve more, I want to continue to keep pushing. I feel energized and I'm ready to attack."

"I had a really good winter; I'm full of energy and I'm looking forward to the new season," said Valtteri. "I started my first training camp in early January and have been on a good path ever since. I did most of my training in Finland, first in the south close to my home town, then further north in Lapland because that's where you get a proper winter. The conditions are quite harsh, it's freezing cold, snow is guaranteed, but it's a great environment to exercise and prepare your mind and your body for the upcoming fight."

The significance of the first laps for the team's new car was clear for both drivers, too.

"I am excited for the new season and that everyone starts with zero points. We are all on the same line and 2019 can bring anything; I'm going to go all in this year," continued Valtteri. "There was quite a bit of criticism at some stages of 2018, but that's actually been a positive thing for me because it's given me an extra boost! I'm now looking forward to drive the new car for the first time. The car has changed quite a bit because of the aero regulations changes, so it will be interesting to get an idea of how the car feels and how it handles. You never know what to expect and so it's exciting to jump in the car and discover it, to try to get a feel of the balance of the car and its behavior. We do already push the car in the shakedown to get a feel for it."

As for the reigning world champion, he begins his seventh season with the Mercedes works team, with which he has scored four world titles, 52 race wins and 57 pole positions since 2013.

"I'm really looking forward to the next step of our journey together with Mercedes and embarking on what's not been done before," concluded Lewis. "This is my seventh year with the team and the energy and the determination within the team are really inspiring. The buzz really starts at the beginning of the year when you see the car coming together. And then you get to the shakedown and you get into the car – it just never gets old. It feels like a real privilege – so many people have worked together to form that car and you know how much hard work has gone into it. Driving the new car is like meeting someone new for the first time – you want to get to know them the best way as quick as possible as you embark on a journey together."

2019 – An historic year for Mercedes

The 2019 season plays a special role for the team, as the year of the 1000th Formula One Grand Prix is also the tenth season in modern-day F1 for Mercedes as a works team.

"We've come a long way since 2010 when we re-joined Formula One with a Mercedes works team," says Toto. "We had a steep learning curve in the first few years, building the long-term capability of the team and continuously improving our performance. We saw the first good season in 2013, when we finished second. After that we've been on a winning streak with five consecutive double championships – an incredible success that none of us in the team, even in our wildest dreams, would have believed possible, especially since we were up against formidable opponents."

Together with its parent company, the team also celebrates 125 years of motorsport in 2019: in 1894, Daimler engines won the world's first motor car race in 1894 from Paris to Rouen as two cars fitted with a Daimler two-cylinder V-engine shared first prize in the 126 kilometer race.

2019 is also the 85th anniversary of the Silver Arrows, as the Eifelrennen, held on 3 June 1934 at the Nürburgring was the first race in which the Mercedes-Benz W 25 competed. Legend has it that the metallic silver skin was only exposed the night before the race, by grinding off the car's white paint to bring the starting weight of the W 25 down to the limit determined by the race regulations.

The 2019 challenger celebrates this important year in the company's motorsport history with a new design which has been reduced to two main elements. The first element of the star pattern provides the elegance and luxury of Mercedes-Benz, combining high-grade technology and craftsmanship. The second element is a single, strong PETRONAS green flow line that brings speed and dynamism. And just like the original Silver Arrows from 1934, the livery of the W10 also brings a performance advantage as the new design sees a slight weight benefit compared to last year.

Mercedes to compete in Formula One and Formula E in 2019

2019 is the first year in which Mercedes will compete in both Formula One and Formula E. Joining the all-electric racing series at the end of the year for season six, the team is looking forward to a completely new challenge which will complement the brand's motorsport approach.

"We embrace the challenge in every category in which we participate," said Toto. "Formula E will be a completely new playing field for us. There are teams out there that already have a lot of experience in the series and experience is crucial for success in Formula E, so it will be a tremendous challenge for us. We are setting ambitious expectations but at the same time we don't overestimate the impact we can have in our first-ever FE season. We will be the only car manufacturer that participates in both Formula One and Formula E and the learnings from both series will cascade into the road car world, making both platforms an important technology driver for the entire Mercedes family."

Mercedes-AMG F1 W10 EQ Power+ Technical Specification

Monocoque Molded carbon fiber and honeycomb composite structure
Bodywork Carbon fiber composite including engine cover, sidepods, floor, nose, front wing and rear wing
Cockpit Removable driver's seat made of anatomically formed carbon composite, OMP six-point driver safety harness, HANS system
Safety Structures Cockpit survival cell incorporating impact-resistant construction and penetration panels, front impact structure, prescribed side impact structures, integrated rear impact structure, front and rear roll structures, titanium driver protection structure (halo)
Front Suspension Carbon fiber wishbone and pushrod-activated torsion springs and rockers
Rear Suspension Carbon fiber wishbone and pullrod-activated torsion springs and rockers
Wheels OZ forged magnesium
Tires Pirelli
Brake System Carbone Industries Carbon / Carbon discs and pads with rear brake-by-wire
Brake Calipers Brembo
Steering Power-assisted rack and pinion
Steering Wheel Carbon fiber construction
Electronics FIA standard ECU and FIA homologated electronic and electrical system
Instrumentation McLaren Electronic Systems (MES)
Fuel System ATL Kevlar-reinforced rubber bladder
Lubricants & Fluids PETRONAS Tutela
Gearbox Eight speed forward, one reverse unit with carbon fiber maincase
Gear Selection Sequential, semi-automatic, hydraulic activation
Clutch Carbon plate
Overall Length Over 5000mm
Overall Width 2000mm
Overall Height 950mm
Overall Weight 743kg
Power Unit Specification
Type Mercedes-AMG F1 M10 EQ Power+
Minimum Weight 145 kg
Power Unit Perimeter Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) Motor Generator Unit – Kinetic (MGU-K) Motor Generator Unit – Heat (MGU-H) Turbocharger (TC)
Energy Store (ES) Control Electronics (CE)
Power Unit Allocation Three ICE, TC & MGU-H per driver per season Two MGU-K, ES, CE per driver per season
Internal Combustion Engine (ICE)
Capacity 1.6 liters
Cylinders Six
Bank Angle 90
No of Valves 24
Max rpm ICE 15,000 rpm
Max Fuel Flow Rate 100 kg/hour (above 10,500 rpm)
Fuel Injection High-pressure direct injection (max 500 bar, one injector/cylinder)
Pressure Charging Single-stage compressor and exhaust turbine on a common shaft
Max rpm Exhaust Turbine 125,000 rpm
Energy Recovery System (ERS)
Architecture Integrated Hybrid energy recovery via electrical Motor Generator Units
Energy Store Lithium-Ion battery solution of minimum 20 kg regulation weight
Max energy storage/lap 4 MJ
Max rpm MGU-K 50,000 rpm
Max power MGU-K 120 kW (161 hp) Max energy recovery/lap MGU-K 2 MJ
Max energy deployment/lap MGU-K 4 MJ (33.3 s at full power) Max rpm MGU-H 125,000 rpm
Max power MGU-H Unlimited Max energy recovery/lap
MGU-H Unlimited Max energy deployment/lap MGU-H Unlimited
Fuel & Lubricants
Fuel PETRONAS Primax
Lubricants PETRONAS Syntium

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